Class 12 English Paper 2010 with Solution Set 1
Class 12 English Paper 2010 with Solution Set 1
Class 12 English Paper 2010 Set 1 with Answer
9. (a) Change one of the following into indirect form of speech :
(i) Gita said, “My mother served in Delhi before retirement.”
Indirect – Gita said that her mother had served in Delhi before retirement.
(ii) I said to the guest, “Are you comfortable here?”
Indirect – I asked the guest if he was comfortable there.
(b) Combine one of the following sets of sentences as directed within the brackets :
(i) I saw a man. He was blind. He was carrying a lamp in his hand. (Simple Sentence)
Simple – I saw a blind man carrying a lamp in his hand.
(ii) This is a house. He was born here. (Complex Sentence)
Complex – This is a house where he was born.
(c) Transform one of the following sentences as directed within the brackets :
(i) He is too poor to buy the books. (Rewrite the sentence removing ‘too’)
Ans. He is so poor that he can not buy the books.
(ii) No other city in India is so big as Mumbai. (Superlative Degree)
Ans. Mumbai is the biggest city in India.
(d) Correct any four of the following sentences :
(i) The news are correct .
Correct – The news is correct.
(ii) Mr. Singh is senior than Mr. Mishra.
Correct – Mr. Singh is senior to Mr. Mishra.
(iii) The patient died before the doctor came.
Correct – The patient had died before the doctor came.
(iv) Being a very hot day, I could not go out.
Correct – It being a very hot day, I could not go out.
(v) One must do his duty.
Correct – One must do one’s duty.
(vi) This flower smells sweetly.
Correct – This flower smells sweetly.
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10. (a) Use any three of the following idioms/phrases in your own sentences so as to bring out their meanings clearly :
(i) to and fro
Ans. to and fro (इधर उधर) – Why are you moving to and fro in the park?
(ii) turn down
Ans. turn down (ठुकरा देना) – Ravi turned down my proposal.
(iii) a bone of contention
Correct – a bone of contention (झगड़े की जड़) – Kashmir is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan.
(iv) a fool’s paradise
Ans. a fool’s paradise (मूर्खतापूर्ण अभिलाषा) – Ravi thinks that he can pass the examination without working hard, live in a fool’s paradise.
(v) out of date
Ans. out of date (पुराना) – This book is out of date.
(b) Give the synonyms of the following words :
Synonyms – frank, straight -forward
Synonyms – freedom, independence
Synonyms – will, wish
(c) Give the antonyms of the following words :
Antonyms – success
Antonyms – illiterate
Antonyms – windy
(d) Substitute one word for the following expressions :
(i) A person who does not believe in the existence of God.
Ans – Atheist (नास्तिक)
(ii) One who looks at the dark side of things.
Ans. – Pessimist (निराशावादी)
(iii) A traveller is space.
Ans. – Astronaut (अंतरिक्ष यात्री)
(e) Use the following words in sentences of your own so as to bring out the differences in their meanings clearly :
Ans. – Adapt (अनुकूल बनाना) – We should adapt ourselves to the changing conditions.
Adopt (ग्रहण करना, अपनाना, गोद लेना) – Ravi has adopted a son.
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11. Translate the following into English
महाराजा रणजीत सिंह के राज्यकाल में खुशाल सिंह नाम का एक युवक उनका अंगरक्षक था । वह जाति का ब्राह्मण था । वह महाराज की सेना में पाँच रुपये मासिक पर नौकर हुआ था परन्तु कुछ समय के बाद वह राजमहल में पहरा देने लगा । एक दिन महाराज रणजीत सिंह भेष बदलकर नगर की हालत देखने के लिए बाहर गये । रात बहुत बीत जाने के बाद वे वापस लौटे । उस समय खुशाल सिंह पहरे पर था । उसने अपने स्वामी को नहीं पहचाना और रात भर अपने पास बिठाये रखा । जब प्रात : काल उसने महाराज को पहचाना, तब वह बहुत घबराया और लज्जित हुआ। किन्तु महाराज उस पर बिल्कुल भी क्रोधित नहीं हुए । अपितु उसकी स्वामिभक्ति पर प्रसन्न होकर उसे अपना अंगरक्षक बना लिया । खुशाल सिंह ने भी जीवनपर्यन्त महाराज की सेवा बहुत लगन से की।
During the reign of Maharaja Ranjeet Singh, a young man named Khushal Singh was his bodyguard. He was Brahmin by caste. He was appointed as a servant at the salary of five rupees per mensem but after some time he became the guard in the palace. One day Maharaja Ranjeet Singh went out at night in disguise to see the condition of the city. He returned late after night. That time Khushal Singh was on his duty as a watch and ward. He did not recognize his master and got him sat beside himself throughout the night. In the morning when he recognized the Maharaja, he was very much embarassed and ashamed at his fault. But the Maharaja did not become altogether angry on him, on the other hand, being pleased with his faithfulness, he appointed him as his bodyguard . Khushal Singh too discharged his duty honestly to the Maharaja throughout his life.
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